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The history of basic golf equipment

Golf is one of the sports rich in cultural background. A little more knowledge on this sport brings about a larger appreciation of the game as a whole. To know more about golf, here is a quick look on the cultural background of two of the most well-known and recognized pieces of golf equipment, the golf ball and the golf club.

From wood to rubber: the Golf Ball

This particular golf equipment has come a long way. Golf balls were initially made from hardwoods, mostly from the box and beech trees. This was how the golf ball was made from 14th century to 17th century. The hardwood golf ball was then replaced at the end of the era by another version called the featherie or feathery. This version of the golf equipment started the concept of white golf balls as featheries are often painted white. To make a featherie, manufacturers would first design a round leather pouch and fill it with chicken or goose feathers. Before being used as stuffing, the feathers are boiled until they are softened. The pouch are then stitched shut after being stuffed. This version of the golf ball was manufactured until around the 19th century.

Golf equipmentFeatherie makers started looking for alternatives for golf balls by the 19th century because the featherie proved to be too tedious and expensive to create. It was at this century that the concept of rubber golf balls started. The first rubber golf ball is the gutta-perch ball, or guttie. This version is made from the dried sap of the Malaysian Sapodilla tree. It was also this version of the golf ball that started the dimpled appearance when players realized that the bumps caused by the club improve the flight of the guttie.

A focus on rubber-based golf balls occurred when manufacturers realized how easier and less expensive it would be to make golf balls from rubberized materials. One of the most famous versions of rubber-based inventions for golf balls is the Haskell golf ball. Nowadays, the golf balls created are based from rubberized material that could be solidified, letting the world enjoy solid golf balls.

From wood to metal: the Golf Club

Just like the golf ball, this certain golf equipment first became well known as a blunt instrument made of wood. It was said that the golf club goes as far back as AD 960 when the Royals from China played a similar sport called chuiwan, where they use bejeweled clubs to hit balls into holes.

Around 1400s to 1800s, the first recorded golf club was made of wood. Players at that time use around 20 to 30 wooden clubs per game, and each of those wooden clubs had a special function or use. Golf club makers used wood because it was the only material that could deliver a powerful drive without being too expensive to use. The most common wood used to create the golf club is the persimmon wood. It was not until the later part of this period that iron was used. Drop forging was allowed for the mass production of iron heads as a replacement of the persimmon woods.

In 1931, Billy Burke in the US Open used a club with a steel shaft for his golf equipment. The shaft was painted to look like wood. The year after that, Gene Sarazen developed a sand wedge, which is used until this day, for his British Open competition. By 1939, the ruling authority in golf decreed that players are no longer allowed to bring as many golf clubs as they want. The maximum number of golf clubs allowable per game is limited to 14 clubs. Finally in 1959, the putter was invented, allowing players to hit a golf ball in a straight line without leaving the ground.

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An Intro to Military Coins

military coinsMilitary coins are more popular now than they were before. There are plenty of people these days who like to buy, sell, and trade these coins with other collectors. Once there was a time when these coins were nothing more than mere curiosities among most people. These coins have no monetary value, but are still favored for their sentimental worth to those willing to pay for them.

Nowadays, these challenge coins, as they are sometimes known, are more popular and recognized even by the average Joe. The reason is probably because of their prevalence throughout the media and the new standing tradition of US Presidents to give them out to service personnel of the military or certain individuals.

However, that doesn’t mean that everyone has an idea what these coins really are. They have no idea about the history, its tradition, and its current status. Below is some general information on the history, tradition, and the status of military coins in the world today.

World War I

There are actually a lot of different versions as to the origin of the challenge coin. By far, the two most popular stories are those that involve people back in World War I and II.

Back in World War I, there was an air squadron lieutenant who came from a wealthy background. To commemorate the successful training of his squadron, he commissioned special medallions for his squad mates. The story goes that one of the men wore his medallion around his neck in a leather pouch.

The man’s plane was shot down and he landed in German controlled territory. Here, the man found himself deprived of his belongings by the Germans. He was left with nothing but his leather pouch and the medallion within. Eventually, the man was able to escape his prison.

He was eventually met by the French who asked him for identification. Failure to comply would mean death to the American pilot. Instead of papers, he showed them his medallion which one of the Frenchmen recognized. He was then given a warm welcome instead of an execution. Most people see this as the starting point of military coins.

World War II

During the Second World War, some people were sent behind enemy lines in France, yes the setting is once again France. These agents were spies who worked for the Allied forces.

These spies would hold clandestine meetings. They would then challenge each other to determine whether or not they were indeed an agent or a counterspy. When challenged, a real agent knew that he would present his fellow agents with an old French coin. This French coin served as the bonafides during their secret meetings.

The Vietnam War

The origin of the coin comes from World War I or II, but the story of the tradition of challenging people with military coins goes back to the Vietnam War. During the war, soldiers formed bullet clubs.

A soldier would challenge another by slamming his bullet on the table. If the challenged soldier fails to slam his bullet, he would be obliged to treat the challenger to a round of drinks. Carrying bullets was eventually banned by the top brass. Instead of bullets, the soldiers turned to slamming coins instead.

Coins of today

Today, the coins are traded, sold, and bought by a large number of different collectors. They collect these coins for a wide variety of reasons. Some simply like the look, others like the stories, and others have a special fascination for the unit for which the coin was made. Whatever the case might be, military coins have gained widespread popularity due to being featured in media such as TV shows, movies, and books.

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When Is The Best Time to Invest in Long Island Real Estate?

Timing is important when investing in Long Island real estate and a supposed wise investment may turn out to be a liability once you fail to know the best time to make your real estate purchase. There are quite a lot of principles behind buying real estate and you always need to make sure that you stay ahead of the game. Remember that you are not only investing your money but your time and effort as well.

You will need to gain better understanding of Property Market Cycle because this carries more weight on the value of real estate. It often boils down to the law of supply and demand and once you gain better understanding of what really this is, you are also increasing the likelihood of buying profitable real estate.

real estateIn a nutshell, property market cycle starts with selling the properties at a low price and as a result, buyers rush in to buy these properties. This if also referred to as the buyer’s market because the price is in favor of the buyer. However, when there is increase in demand, the seller will also make a wise move of adjusting the price bit by bit. As the number of buyers increases, the price of the real estate increases as well. This phase is referred to as the seller’s market. When the value of real estate properties is unusually high, the buyers will decide to stop buying. However, the seller still continues to keep the price high and see if someone will take the price.

In this scenario, buyers will not make a move of investing in such expensive properties and in turn, sellers will not sell the property at a lower price. It is going to be a no-win situation for both parties. However, there will come a time when sellers have low sales and this is the best time to invest in real estate properties because sellers will be forced to readjust their price so it will become attractive again to buyers.

As a buyer, you should know when the prices are going low and when they get high. However, it may take some time for the prices go low and patience is the key. You can decide to give in once the prices drop as this gives you a really great deal.

As much as possible, you should pay in cash because taking a loan will only negate the low price a great deal due to high interest rates. You should also keep watch of the market because you will not really know when the prices change. A wise investment on a Long Island real estate property starts with better analysis on the market cycle of the property because this can help you to get one of the best deals.

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Custom Patches and Tips on How to Get the Best

More and more people are using patches for their organizations, companies, movements, and many more. They are fun and they come in all designs. Indeed, if you need something that would represent your group, they are perfect for you. They are durable and you can have them in any design, shape, and size that you want. They can also contain any message or image that you want to show to the people.

PatchesThey are generally used to be attached in shirts, pants, bags, handkerchiefs, and uniforms. These can be used by any kind of team or group; they are perfect for sports teams, scouts, computer game teams, school organizations, movements, among others. Perhaps the reason why you’re here in this website is that you need patches of your own. Good news because they are not hard to find. In fact, you can look for them even if you stay in your house.

Yes, you read it right. Because the internet is becoming more and more useful when it comes to marketing and promoting all sorts of products, many entrepreneurs now have online stores. They can be accessed round the clock. This allows them to respond to you anytime, anywhere. Through their online stores, these entrepreneurs can reach out to their customers easily. So instead of going around your neighbourhood to look for stores or establishments who make custom patches, you can stay in your house and search for them in the internet. All you have to do is search for a reputable online store, place your order, fill out the necessary forms, submit the design that you want or choose from the ones available from them, and you are done. It is that easy. These online patch stores can cater to any of your needs regarding your concern. They have iron-on, sew-on, and so many more kinds and styles that you can choose from.

Aside from the fact that purchasing them online is so convenient, it is also better to order them that way because of the high quality services and items that these online stores will surely give you. These online stores see to it that you get only the best items. You wouldn’t have to worry about the quality and durability because it is guaranteed that the people you entrusted the job to will perform it properly. They also give importance to the time of their customers. Thus, they make sure that the orders always arrive on time.

Now you know why it is best that you purchase them online. The next things that you have to be aware of are the necessary considerations that you have to put in mind. They are the following:

To ensure that you will really get the quality patches that you have been dreaming of, you need to make sure that the online store you are hiring can be trusted. You can make your own research and background check on the online store. If it’s not enough and you can’t find any substantial information about their past dealings and transactions, you can ask them for references. They might give you the contact number of a client whom they have made business with in the past. You should not be ashamed of doing this. It is important that you know that the online store has a clean track record. After all, your order is at stake here. You won’t only be wasting your money but also your time. This is very crucial especially when placing rush orders.

The next thing that you have to consider is the services and the designs that the store is offering. There are online stores that give you limited options as to the sizes, designs, colors, and kinds that you can order. But there are also stores that can do whatever you need them to do. Regardless if you want embroidered or 3D, they can produce it for you. But you also have to be careful about this; there are online stores who accept orders with designs without clarifying anything that they end up making the wrong ones. You can spot a good online patch store if they see to it that they receive clear instructions. It is also a sign that the company is a good one if you are receiving good customer service.

The last and the most important thing that you have to put in mind before making your order is your budget. Determine first how much your budget is for the custom patches. This is very important because you don’t want to end up purchasing more than you could pay for. Aside from that, you may want to make sure that you maximize the number and quality according to the amount of money that you have. After all, your ultimate goal is to get the best items for the right amount of money.

Author Bio:
Patches4Less is your one-stop, no-problem source for patches of all kinds.We offer the best quality patches you can buy, at prices that can’t be beat.We supply top quality patches at great prices, with unbeatable customer service!

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The Growing Need for Portable Storage Containers

Did you know that the industry that provides temporary storage facilities to private individuals, companies, or businesses is one of the fastest growing industries in the US today? This growth can be partly attributed to the accumulation of belongings without enough storage spaces at home or in the offices. As a result, individuals or businesses opt to rent a storage facility where they can place their supplies temporarily. If you have taken advantage of this service before, you have probably gone to a warehouse or lot where numerous portable storage containers are kept side by side and have rented one. Today, though, you can rent or own one and have it delivered to your home or business premises so that your supplies will be closer to you. You can then look after your belongings regularly and have convenient access to them.

How this work is really simple. You only have to contact a company that rents out or sells portable storage containers, pick the right size that will accommodate all your stuff, sign a contract with the company, and then wait for them to deliver the container to your home or office. The delivery people will help set up the container on the area where you want it to stand and you are all set to use the container to your content. If you are only renting the container, the company will have to take it back after the term of your lease unless you decide to make an extension. If, for instance, you opted to buy one, then you can have it as long as you need it and then even sell it later on.

There are many benefits from using portable storage containers. First, it helps de-clutter your home or office. For homeowners, for example, constant buying of books, furniture, appliances, and other items will eventually fill up your home. Since most homes today only have limited spaces due to the rising cost of real property, you will no longer have any area to keep these items. You may decide to sell them later on, but for the meantime, you need a space to keep your stuff. Storage containers are ideal solutions because you can have one placed on your yard and you can place all the items that you rarely use there. That can include old furniture, garage tools, gardening tools, books, and many more. Storage containers can be locked to keep your belongings safe and even with the high heat or heavy rains outside, you can be assured that your belongings will not be damaged.

Portable Storage containersSpeaking of locks, storage containers can make filing documents more secured for you or your business. Just imagine if you were renting a space from a storage facility that is several miles away from your office. You will constantly be worried if your documents there are safe even if the company assured you that it will be. If the container is inside your business premises, where you can install the proper locks and have it checked regularly, you will be more at ease.

Movable cubicles, as these containers are sometimes called, are ideal temporary spaces if you are undergoing a renovation project at home. You can place the content of your bedroom here, for instance, while your room is being fixed by builders. That will ensure that your belongings will be out of the way to make work easier for the contractors.

Finally, portable storage containers are less expensive solutions for your storage needs. Just compare the cost of building a new wing to your home or office, which can cost you several folds of the cost of renting a container. With storage containers, you can always lease a used one that is still in good shape or buy a container that you can easily sell afterwards.

If you ever find yourself in need of additional storage space, storage containers or movable cubicles are the best solution nowadays. Therefore, make this your top choice before thinking of building a new building from scratch.

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Printed Circuit Board: Parts

Almost all of our electronic devices would have this. Without this piece of hardware, going into the Space Age would not be very easy. Developing this came from not just with being efficient, but also with making sure our devices would all function properly. This is the printed circuit board.

The printed circuit board is what allows any electronic component in an electronic device to talk to each other, but at the same time, reduce its room because of it being compact. Development of this went way back as early as possibly the 1850’s, but it was not until the 1940’s that this was further developed, and after World War II, it was then commercially produced.

Printed circuit boardIf you are to look at a cross-section of a printed circuit board, you will notice that it will have a few layers, similar to a layer cake. These layers all work together to create the needed connection for all components to make a circuit work. It all starts with the board itself.

The board is what holds everything together. The board, or substrate, is made of either a semi conductive material, or of an insulated material. Usually, a lot of material is used, but the most common material used is fibreglass. Fibreglass is known to be rigid, but flexible at the same time. In production terms, fibreglass can be known as, “FR4.”

ImageThe next layer of a circuit board would be for the conductive part that creates the actual circuit. The most common used material for this layer is copper. Copper is known to be a good conductor, and is inexpensive. A pattern for a circuit board will be generated first by a designer, and then it will be transferred to the board that will be used.

Copper will then be “printed,” or etched into the board to create the said pattern. After that, holes were the components will be placed will be drilled into the board. The thickness of the copper may vary as well, depending on the design and how a said component will need electricity. There may be cases as well that the board will have a double-sided layer, which means the copper is printed on both the top and bottom part of the board. In some cases, copper layers can go from just 2 layers, up to 16 and more.

A printed circuit board that you will see is usually green in color. This is not the actual colour of the board, but instead, this is the color of the soldermask. A soldermask is placed on top of the copper pattern, to insulate the copper pattern on the board, and to protect it from contact with other components of the circuit board. This also helps in making sure parts are soldered in correct places, and it helps prevent solder jumping, or getting excess solder from touching one copper pattern with another.

Once the circuit board is complete, it will be confusing to see which component goes to where. Labelling the board will become necessary, and that is when we can use a silkscreen. The silkscreen layer is usually white, and it prints labels onto the circuit board, allowing faster recognition of each component.

Some circuit boards, like that of a video card, needs to be connected to another part of a device. It is easily done so with a part of a board showing exposed copper contacts, that you insert into the other board. These parts are called fingers.

Holes where some components will be placed will have a copper ring around it, and they are called annular rings. They help in allowing a better contact between the component and the circuit on the ring itself. These rings are placed after a hole is drilled into the board at drill hits, then once the component is placed in, they are soldered in place.

Each electrical component is important, and with the help of the printed circuit board, manufacturing and using our electronic devices has never been easier.

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Features of Great Chat Services

IntegratingIntegrating chat services in websites has a number of benefits, like increasing sales and improving customer service. This does not mean, though, that an online seller can just randomly choose a chat service software and provider from the many that are available in the market. Just like with any product or service, a buyer must be meticulous with the features that come with the item that he is buying. For chat services, the following features can be considered important and essential.

Easy Set-Up

A good live chat service provider usually offers technical support in the integration of a chat service on your web page. For most, this is not necessary as this normally is like a snippet or plugin that you add to your page that takes just a few minute to do. Most of the work would be on designing your chat widget, preparing canned responses, and training agents about the nature of your business. Once that are all done, the widget will be ready for integration, testing, and full functioning.

Round the Clock Support

If you have limited personnel in your business, your best option is to go for chat services that have agents to answer your customers and they should be available to do this 24/7. This really depends on your situation. If you are able to handle the chat in certain times of the day or week, then find a chat service that can flexibly allow this as scheduled.

Learns Your Business

This is very important. You do not want to delegate the job of answering your customers’ queries to people who know nothing about your business, products, and services. Make sure that the chat service provider that you choose takes considerable time and focus on training their agents and preparing materials to be used to answer the chats in your behalf.

Customizable Designs of Windows

servicesMost online shoppers hate it when a large window suddenly pops up in front of them that is asking them to start a chat with the seller. This is very intrusive, especially if they are in the act of reading through your product descriptions. A good chat window design is one that is subtly placed in one corner of a page with a short notification that then allows visitors to enlarge it or not. Its color and theme must also complement your website.

Quick Notification Regarding Leads

When an agent is able to acquire a new lead for your business, you must be quickly notified about this so that you can follow through with the order or proceed accordingly to what the customer needs. This is how you keep that lead and finally make the visitor become a paying customer.

Reasonable Costs

Chat services are considered more cost-effective compared to using phones or emails in online marketing. Still, you must be a practical buyer when trying to acquire this service. Most providers offer various plans to meet their client’s needs, so discuss this in detail to come up with a plan that is ideal for your business in terms of costs and function.

Accessible Portals for Customers

As the client, you must have access to the chat’s portal. This will allow you to study the demographics of your visitors and you can further use that information in improving your marketing strategies.

Option to Leave a Message

If you decide to handle the chats on your own, your chat service must have an option to let visitors leave a message whenever you are not online. This will appease your visitors, knowing that you have provided the medium for them to relay their questions and it is convenient for you to get back to them once you log in again.

Direct Connection by Phone

This feature allows agents to directly connect you, the seller, with the customer by phone during a chat. This may be necessary when the customer is ready to buy or has questions that only you can answer.